[Agana Guam]: Island of Guam Print, 1917. First Edition. Octavo;16pp. Loose in stapled wrappers, which have been taped into a pressboard cover; some spotting to covers, else a Very Good copy. Tipped in is a February 4, 1918 'Memorandum' of corrections (errata) slip (the recommended corrections have been made in the text). Frontis map of the island divided into regions with 'Localities' listed. Item #20381
In 1917 the U.S. Naval Administration, under Governor Roy C. Smith, issued an order designating English as the official language, and banned the use of Chamorro except for official interpretations. In 1922 the naval administration instituted more drastic measures to eradicate the use of Chamorro within the school system, collecting and burning many of the Chamorro-English dictionaries that remained from the Spanish period. Through this systematic erosion of the Chamorro language, the use of English over Chamorro occurred earlier and more rapidly in Guam than in Saipan and the other Mariana Islands.